Syntactic complexity analysis of the written text production of the Pázmány Basic English language examination: A pilot study
Karlygash Adamova | PPKE Nyelvtudományi Doktori Iskola
The piloting study is one of the stages of the multi-dimensional analysis of the written text production part designed to investigate of the Pázmány Basic English language examination (BLE) validation process.
The specific research question of this pilot study is whether or not the selected syntactic complexity measures are the predictive patterns of syntactic complexity for writing quality and can investigate the BLE validation process. In this pilot study, validation of the chosen examination is tried to accomplish by the investigation of textual and syntactic variables in the written texts.
The study is concerned with the analysis of the textual and syntactic features of 40 written texts of the students. The methodology of the study contains a mixed-method analysis.
In case of the computational analysis the L2 Syntactic Complexity Analyzer (Lu, 2010) was applied. The eight selected variables are: length of the text, number of sentences, mean length of sentences, number of T-units, number of clauses, mean length of T-units, mean length of clauses, mean of clauses per sentence.
By the manual analysis the texts were examined from different aspects, including Finite Verb Phrases, Perfect Aspect, Passive, Progressive, Subordination, Coordination and Conditional Subordination.
All in all, the study was aimed to test the selected variables in order to prove that the BLE meet all the expectations of the B2+ level (CEFR; Council of Europe, 2001). Therefore, strong correlations between the syntactic and textual variables and the points from the test were expected to be established.
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